• Session 1: Earth Science


    Earth science is the study of our planet’s physical characteristics, from earthquakes to raindrops, and floods to fossils. Earth science affects our everyday lives. For example, meteorologists study the weather and watch for dangerous storms. Hydrologists study water and warn of floods. Seismologists study earthquakes and try to predict where they will strike. Geologists study rocks and help to locate useful minerals. Earth scientists mainly work “in the field”—climbing mountains, exploring the seabed, crawling through caves, or wading in swamps. They measure and collect samples (such as rocks or river water), then they record their findings on charts and maps.

  • Session 2: Geoscience


    Geoscience is the study of the Earth - its oceans, atmosphere, rivers and lakes, ice sheets and glaciers, soils, its complex surface, rocky interior, and metallic core. This includes many aspects of how living things, including humans, interact with the Earth. Geoscience has many tools and practices of its own but is intimately linked with the biological, chemical, and physical sciences. Geoscience investigates the past, measures the present, and models the future behavior of our planet. But it also involves the study of other planets, asteroids, and solar systems, both to better understand the Earth and to expand our knowledge of the universe.

  • Session 3: Ecology


    Environment 2020 will have discussions on all aspects of the ecology of plants (including algae), in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.   Environment 2020 conference aims to bring important work using an ecological approach to a wide international audience. The abstracts presented must transcend the limits of case studies. Both experimental and theoretical studies are accepted, as are descriptive or historical accounts, although these must offer insights into issues of general interest to ecologists. Abstracts are accepted from cultivated plants and agricultural ecosystems studies of plant communities, populations or individual species are accepted, as well as studies of the interactions between plants and animals, fungi or bacteria.

  • Session 4: Biodiversity and its Conservation


    Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is the variety of all species on earth. It is the different plants, animals and micro-organisms, their genes, and the terrestrial, marine and freshwater ecosystems of which they are a part. Biodiversity is both essential for our existence and intrinsically valuable in its own right. This is because biodiversity provides the fundamental building blocks for the many goods and services a healthy environment provides. These include things that are fundamental to our health, like clean air, fresh water and food products, as well as the many other products such as timber and fiber. Other important include recreational, cultural and spiritual nourishment that maintain our personal and social wellbeing. 

  • Session 5: Renewable & Sustainable Energy


    The mission of Environment 2020 is to communicate and provide a platform for the most interesting and relevant critical thinking in renewable and sustainable energy to bring together the research community, the private sector and policy, and decision makers. Abstracts are invited on the following topics like Energy resources, Energy applications, Energy Utilization, Socio-economic Aspects, and sustainable goals. 

  • Session 6: Global Warming


    Global warming is the term used to describe a gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and its oceans, a change that is believed to be permanently changing the Earth’s climate. There is great debate among many people, and sometimes in the news, on whether global warming is real (some call it a hoax). But climate scientists looking at the data and facts agree the planet is warming. While many view the effects of global warming to be more substantial and more rapidly occurring than others do, the scientific consensus on climatic changes related to global warming is that the average temperature of the Earth has risen between 0.4 and 0.8 °C over the past 100 years.

  • Session 7: Soil Management


    Soil management is a key to the success of site-specific soil management. It starts with a farmer's ability to vary the depth of tillage according to soil conditions and is important in proper seedbed preparation, control of weeds, and fuel consumption, with the potential to lower production costs within an individual field. With a GPS as their guide, farmers using conservation tillage (the practice of leaving residues on the soil surface for erosion control) can adjust tillage depth as they traverse the different soil types. With conservation and reduced tillage, the amount of soil disturbance is minimal, but adjustments according to soil conditions such as texture, moisture content, and pH are important to seed depth and fertilizer placement.

  • Session 8: Oceanography


    Oceanography is the study of all aspects of the ocean. Oceanography covers a wide range of topics, from marine life and ecosystems, to currents and waves, to the movement of sediments, to seafloor geology.  The study of oceanography is interdisciplinary. The ocean’s properties and processes function together and cannot be examined separately from one another. The chemical composition of water, for example, influences what types of organisms live there. In turn, organisms provide sediments to the geology of the seafloor. Oceanographers must have a broad understanding of these relationships to research specific topics, or subdisciplines.

  • Session 9: Petrology


    Petrology refers to the scientific study of rocks and the conditions which influence their formation. Petrology is a branch of geology that focuses on the chemical analysis in various fields such as petrography and mineralogy. By incorporating various principles of geophysics and geochemistry, modern petrologists can establish the origins of rocks and their chemical characteristics. There are three main branches of petrology resultant from the main rock types: sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. Petrology plays an important role in ascertaining the physical and chemical composition of rocks and the different conditions that influence their formation. Modern petrologists rely on knowledge in mineralogy to help in mapping and sampling of rocks. Since most rocks constitute various minerals, it becomes easier to study and understand them with background knowledge in mineralogy. Petrological research is also crucial in helping us understand the nature of the earth’s crust and mantle. Over many years, the earth’s tectonic processes have shaped the nature of rocks and the topography of the earth’s surface. These geological processes are vital in determining the suitability of certain areas for agriculture, industrial or commercial use.


    Aside from helping us understand the history of our planet’s formation, petrology applies in many areas that directly affect our livelihood. The field of petrology helps us to understand the best raw materials to be used in industries for the manufacture of goods. Additionally, petrology promotes best practices that foster sustenance and technological advancement.

  • Session 10: Environmental Engineering


    The Environment 2020 meeting would cover interdisciplinary aspects of the research and practice in environmental engineering, systems engineering, and sanitation. Abstracts are invited on design, development of engineering methods, management, governmental policies, and societal impacts of wastewater collection and treatment; the fate and transport of contaminants on watersheds, in surface waters, in groundwater, in soil, and in the atmosphere; environmental biology, microbiology, chemistry, fluid mechanics, and physical processes treatment, management, and control of hazardous wastes; control and monitoring of air pollution and acid deposition; air shed management; and design and management of solid waste facilities.

  • Session 11: Environmental Science


    Environmental science is a field that deals with the study of interaction between human systems and natural systems. Natural systems involve the earth itself and life. Human systems are primarily the populations of the earth. Environmental science is the academic field that takes physical, biological and chemical sciences to study the environment and discover solutions to environmental problems. Sciences used in environmental science include geography, zoology, physics, ecology, oceanology, and geology. Environmental science also branches out into environmental studies and environmental engineering. It provides integrated and interdisciplinary approach to the study of environmental problems.

  • Session 12: Hydrogen and Fuel Cell


    Hydrogen is a clean fuel that, when consumed in a fuel cell, produces only water. Hydrogen can be produced from a variety of domestic resources, such as natural gas, nuclear power, biomass, and renewable power like solar and wind. These qualities make it an attractive fuel option for transportation and electricity generation applications. It can be used in cars, in houses, for portable power, and in many more applications. Hydrogen is an energy carrier that can be used to store, move, and deliver energy produced from other sources. Today, hydrogen fuel can be produced through several methods. The most common methods today are natural gas reforming (a thermal process), and electrolysis. Other methods include solar-driven and biological processes.

  • Session 13: Green and Clean Energy


    Green energy, which includes green electricity, is clean energy. This means it is produced with little-to-no environmental impact and does not dispense greenhouse gases into the air that contribute to global warming, the way fossil fuels do. Green energy sources include wind, geo-thermal, hydro, and solar energy. Wind and hydro sources generate energy through the movement of air and water, while geo-thermal and solar sources generate energy through heat. All, however, provide reliable energy and protect the environment.

  • Session 14: Nutrient Transformation


    Many nutrient transformation processes occur in estuaries, as they have the appropriate conditions. Estuaries can be considered as reactor vessels with a continuous inflow of components from the sea, the river, and the atmosphere and an outflow of compounds to the sea, the atmosphere, and the bottom sediments after undergoing certain transformations within the estuary. The important process elements are import, transformation, retention, and export of substances related to organic carbon and nutrients. Part of the transformation processes is illustrated in Figure 4. All these processes dictate that estuaries should be considered as both sources and sinks of organic matter and nutrients.

  • Session 15: Environmental Sustainability and Development


    Environmental sustainability is defined as responsible interaction with the environment to avoid depletion or degradation of natural resources and allow for long-term environmental quality. The practice of environmental sustainability helps to ensure that the needs of today's population are met without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their needs. When we look at the natural environment, we see that it has a rather remarkable ability to rejuvenate itself and sustain its viability. For example, when a tree falls, it decomposes, adding nutrients to the soil. These nutrients help sustain suitable conditions so future saplings can grow. When nature is left alone, it has a tremendous ability to care for itself. However, when man enters the picture and uses many of the natural resources provided by the environment, things change. Human actions can deplete natural resources, and without the application of environmental sustainability methods, long-term viability can be compromised.

  • Session 16: Environmental Pollution and Toxicology


    Pollution, also called environmental pollution, the addition of any substance (solid, liquid, or gas) or any form of energy (such as heat, sound, or radioactivity) to the environment at a rate faster than it can be dispersed, diluted, decomposed, recycled, or stored in some harmless form. The major kinds of pollution, usually classified by environment, are air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution. Modern society is also concerned about specific types of pollutants, such as noise pollution, light pollution, and plastic pollution. Pollution of all kinds can have negative effects on the environment and wildlife and often impacts human health and well-being.

  • Session 17: Human population and Environment


    Our global human population, 6 billion at present, will cross the 7 billion mark by 2015. The needs of this huge number of human beings cannot be supported by the Earth’s natural resources, without degrading the quality of human life. In the near future, fossil fuel from oil fields will run dry. It will be impossible to meet the demands for food from existing agro systems. Pastures will be overgrazed by domestic animals and industrial growth will create ever-greater problems due to pollution of soil, water and air. Seas will not have enough fish. Larger ozone holes will develop due to the discharge of industrial chemicals into the atmosphere, which will affect human health. Global warming due to industrial gases will lead to a rise in sea levels and flood all low-lying areas, submerging coastal agriculture as well as towns and cities. Water ‘famines’ due to the depletion of fresh water, will create unrest and eventually make countries go to war. The control over regional biological diversity, which is vital for producing new medicinal and industrial products, will lead to grave economic conflicts between biotechnologically advanced nations and the biorich countries. Degradation of ecosystems will lead to extinction of thousands of species, destabilizing natural ecosystems of great value. These are only some of the environmental problems related to an increasing human population and more intensive use of resources that we are likely to face in future. These effects can be averted by creating a mass environmental awareness movement that will bring about a change in people’s way of life.

  • Session 18: Fuels and Energy policies


    Environment meeting 2020 will enable all research in the technical area in the disciplines of chemistry and chemical engineering This includes research directed at the formation of, exploration for, and production of fossil fuels and biomass; the properties and structure or molecular composition of both raw fuels and refined products; the chemistry involved in the processing and utilization of fuels; fuel cells and their applications; and the analytical and instrumental techniques used in investigations of the foregoing areas.

  • Session 19: Natural hazards & Disasters


    Natural hazards are naturally occurring physical phenomena caused either by rapid or slow onset events which can be geophysical (earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis and volcanic activity), hydrological (avalanches and floods), climatological (extreme temperatures, drought and wildfires), meteorological (cyclones and storms/wave surges) or biological (disease epidemics and insect/animal plagues). Technological or man-made hazards (complex emergencies/conflicts, famine, displaced populations, industrial accidents and transport accidents) are events that are caused by humans and occur in or close to human settlements. This can include environmental degradation, pollution and accidents. Technological or man-made hazards (complex emergencies/conflicts, famine, displaced populations, industrial accidents and transport accidents). There are a range of challenges, such as climate change, unplanned-urbanization, under-development/poverty as well as the threat of pandemics, that will shape humanitarian assistance in the future. These aggravating factors will result in increased frequency, complexity and severity of disasters.

  • Session 20: Waste Management and Treatment

    Solid-waste management, the collecting, treating, and disposing of solid material that is discarded because it has served its purpose or is no longer useful. Improper disposal of municipal solid waste can create unsanitary conditions, and these conditions in turn can lead to pollution of the environment and to outbreaks of vector-borne disease that is, diseases spread by rodents and insects. The tasks of solid-waste management present complex technical challenges. They also pose a wide variety of administrative, economic, and social problems that must be managed and solved.

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